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Analysis of Drivers

With support from the UN-REDD Programme, an analysis of drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, and barriers to the “+” activities, was initiated in 2016 and completed in 2017. The report attached here, identifies seven priority direct drivers at the national scale:

  • Large-scale (industrial) agriculture for commodities such as oil palm
  • Small-scale agriculture, by small-holders encroaching into the forest
  • Over-harvesting during commercial timber harvesting operations
  • Illegal logging
  • Fuelwood collection
  • Charcoal production
  • Shifting agriculture

Barriers to conservation and enhancement are also identified (barriers to sustainable management of forests are considered to be the same as drivers of unsustainable forest management (over-harvesting).

The report also identifies underlying drivers, which are many, and include:

  • overlapping and conflicting priorities and agendas by the forestry and agriculture sectors;
  • legal frameworks governing decisions on land and its management; and
  • land-tenure insecurity, which affects levels in investments in sustainable management of natural resources.

The identification of policies and measures in the National REDD+ Strategy was based on this analysis of drivers.

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