3 July 2017
With the lead of Union Minister H.E U Ohn Win, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC), the high level officials from MONREC, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation (MOALI), Ministry of Planning and Finance (MOPF) and State Counsellor Office are having visit to Brazil to study institutional arrangements and roles in REDD+, to learn more about the importance of effective communication and coordination across the sectors in REDD+ Process. At the 1st day of the mission, Myanmar Delegation visited UNDP Office in Brazil, the Brazilian Cooperation Agencies (ABC) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
4 July 2017
Myanmar Delegation visited to the Ministry of Environment in Brazil. The Ministry presented Brazilian National REDD+ strategies and Nationally Determined Contribution of Brazil.
5 July 2017
In the morning, Myanmar Delegation visited to Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication which is in charge for submitting National Report (National Communication) and Biannual Report to UNFCCC and assessing forest cover/change assessment. Brazil has reached its step of 3rd National Communication report to UNFCCC. Parties to the Convention must submit national reports on implementation of the Convention to the Conference of the Parties (COP). National Report from developing countries primarily includes information on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, measures to mitigate and to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change and any other information relevant to the achievement of the objective of the Convention.
In the afternoon, UNDP shared GEF funded project focused on Indigenous People involvement in conservation of forest. UNDP used FPIC (Free, Prior, Informed, and Consent) at the stage of project proposal formulation. FIPC is a kind of tool to have established participation, consultation and consensus of indigenous communities inside the project area. The project helps to have dialogue between government and Indigenous People for forest conservation.
Delegation visited to Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA) to learn about how the Ministry is supporting and contributing to REDD+ activities in Brazil. The Ministry focuses on vertical expansion rather than horizontal means to increase productivity per unit area. Learning that one of the key efforts for increased productivity is putting investment in agricultural research area. Again, as per Forest Code, farmers have to keep 20% of their farm land area with natural vegetation.
The last session of the day is a visit to National Confederation of Agriculture (CAN) which is private organization which is providing agricultural services to Brazilian Framers and it has international cooperation too.
6 July 2017
Myanmar Delegation met with the representatives of the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) and had discussion on Amazon Fund. Amazon Fund is aimed at raising donations for no-reimbursable investments in efforts to prevent, monitor and combat deforestation, as well as to promote the preservation and sustainable use in the Brazilian Amazon. The main donor is Norwegian Government and contributes 97.4% of total fund. Total 89 projects have been supported by Amazon Fund.
Myanmar Delegation visited to Brazilian Cooperation Agencies (ABC) under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and discussed about the South-South Cooperation and other main activities conducted by ABC.
7 July 2017
Myanmar Delegation visited to Belem at the State of Para which is situated in northern part of Brazil and its capital Belem is the largest city of the State and located at the mouth of the Amzaon at the Atlantic Ocean and the 11th most populous city in the country. The Secretary of Environment of the state of Para and the Secretary of the Environment of the city of Belem received the delegation and shared their activities on Forest Monitoring. Secretary Office presented monitoring and inspection system on Timber Extraction in Amazon Region and their REDD+ activities. During the visit, the delegation observed the practical Monitoring Activities of office of the Secretary.
After visit to the Office of the State of the Environment, Delegation went to Park Zoobotânico Emílio Goeldi Museum which is located in the urban center of Belém, with an area of ??5.2 hectares. It was founded in 1895. In addition to housing a significant exhibition of the Amazonian fauna and flora, the Park concentrates the educational activities of the Goeldi Museum, as well as a laboratory for practical classes. It receives annually about 200 thousand visitors.
The last section of the mission was visiting to the Regional Center of the Amazon (CRA) of the INPE (National institute of Spatial Research) to discuss the activities of the Institute in Forest monitoring. The center presented its activities on Forest Monitoring, Assessment of Land Cover Change and tracking the drivers and land use change. One of its main activities is capacity building on forest monitoring and assessment. With the UN-REDD Technical Support, 4 Forest Department Officials have been provided training by the center in 2014.